[1]何艳斌,谢秋幼,虞容豪,等.脑机接口技术在慢性意识障碍诊疗中的应用进展[J].临床神经外科杂志,2020,17(01):105-108.[doi:DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1672-7770.2020.01.024]
 HE Yan-bin,XIE Qiu-you,YU Rong-hao,et al.Application of brain-computer interface in chronic disorders of consciousness[J].Journal of Clinical Neurosurgery,2020,17(01):105-108.[doi:DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1672-7770.2020.01.024]
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脑机接口技术在慢性意识障碍诊疗中的应用进展()
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《临床神经外科杂志》[ISSN:1672-7770/CN:32-1727/R]

卷:
17
期数:
2020年01期
页码:
105-108
栏目:
综述
出版日期:
2020-02-15

文章信息/Info

Title:
Application of brain-computer interface in chronic disorders of consciousness
文章编号:
202001024
作者:
何艳斌谢秋幼虞容豪李远清
510440 广州,广东省工伤康复医院颅脑损伤&重症康复科(何艳斌);南方医科大学珠江医院康复医学科(谢秋幼);南部战区总医院神经康复科(虞容豪);华南理工大学自动化科学与工程学院(李远清)
Author(s):
HE Yan-bin XIE Qiu-you YU Rong-hao et al.
Department of Traumatic Brain Injury Rehabilitation & AcuteRehabilitation, Guangdong Province Work Injury Rehabilitation Hospital, Guangzhou 510440, China
关键词:
慢性意识障碍植物状态微意识状态脑机接口
Keywords:
chronic disorders of consciousness vegetative state minimally consciousness state brain-computer interface
分类号:
R651
DOI:
DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1672-7770.2020.01.024
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
慢性意识障碍(DOC)包括植物状态(VS)或无反应觉醒综合征(UWS)和微意识状态(MCS),目前临床鉴别诊断以及治疗仍是难题。慢性意识障碍评估,目前临床使用较多的是量表,但存在误判。为了提高诊断准确率,出现一些基于神经影像学的辅助检测方法,如脑机接口(BCI)技术。BCI主要通过脑电信号的处理用人机对话的方法检测患者是否存在指令跟随,被用于意识障碍患者意识状态的检测及康复治疗的评价。本文简述BCI技术特点及在慢性意识障碍中的应用前景。
Abstract:
Chronic disorders of consciousness(DOC), which includes vegetative state(VS), or unresponsive wakefulness syndrome(UWS) and minimally consciousness state(MCS), is still a challenge in diagnosis and treatment. The assessment of CDOC is mostly depending on scale evaluation. However, it is a challenge to accurately diagnose these disorders with clinical assessments of behavior. To improve diagnostic accuracy, various assisted approaches has been employed, for example, the brain-computer interface technique(BCI), BCI has been developed to detect the presence or absence of awareness in patients who lack overt responsiveness by electroencephalogram signals basis. The BCI technique has been widely applied in detection of patients’ conscious state and research of rehabilitative effect. Here its technical characteristics and application prospect in chronic DOC are briefly reviewed.

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更新日期/Last Update: 2020-02-18